Annex 2 SENEGAL: SOLAR SOLIDARITY IN NDIAYE-BOPP

The village of Ndiaye-Bopp

The village is located in the rural community of Mont-Rolland, department of Tivaouane, region of Thiès, at about 70km of Dakar and 20 km of Thiès. The village is completely cutoff from the world during the rainy season, water surrounding the village and access roads being unusable. The village has no real health facility nor drinking water supply, but has some access to electricity. Economic activity is largely self-supporting, with agriculture and breeding. Wood, charcoal, animal dung (and rarely gas) are used for cooking food , with consequent ocular and respiratory diseases.

The E2S2D mission of November 2012 was a success. The strong mutual trust established by Ms. Mbarou Camara Ba (Vice President of E2S2D) over the years with the village population and the committed and effective work of her extended team directly explain the results achieved. Our gratitude also goes to Ms. Amsatou Sow Sidibé (Minister and Counselor of the President of the Republic of Senegal, Director of the Institute for Human Rights and Peace), who honored the ceremony of her presence. The objectives of the mission were to bring solar ovens to the village, to prepare their lasting use (phase 1) and to anticipate a phase 2 of the project.

Mission: construction of solar ovens and training

The construction of solar ovens (arrived by boat from Bordeaux to Dakar) took place in Dakar and Ndiaye –Bopp, involving the village children. Mr. Eudeline and Ms. Thiam Ndiaye conducted the training on solar cooking principles, oven construction, maintenance and use. Getting organized to manage and use the ovens was entrusted with the village Women Group, supported by Ms. Khady Diouf and Mr. Mohamed Ndiaye (both from the village and students in Dakar)

Mission: donation ceremony

After the warm welcome of the members of the Seynabou Antoinette Camara Foundation, and of the village notables and chiefs, the ceremony involved some 400 participants. A sequence of speeches was interpreted by the mistress of ceremony (in Serere, Wolof and French). While further solar oven were assembled, a sequence of songs, dances and sketches followed. The formal transmission of the solar oven (from E2S2D to the Women Group of the Foundation) took place in a cheerful atmosphere. The meal offered by E2S2D had been prepared (partly solar cooked, partly traditionally cooked) from vegetables, semolina and cow meat and shared among participants.

Mission follow up

The Senegalese press agency (APS) and the Thies FM radio covered the event. Ovens are stored in a devoted and secured room. Answers to a follow up questionnaire showed a good adoption of solar cooking practices for mid-day and evening meals, as complementary of traditional cooking. It is expected that two ovens will be allocated to each village district. The recipes tested in Ndiaye-Bopp (‘niebes’, beef, ‘rosted’, cake) and other uses experimented there too (potatoes, eggs, water sterilization, tea) are compiled in an E2S2D solar recipe brochure for Senegal. The local and national supports to the phase 1, and the associated benefits( reduced cooking costs, reduced deforestation and emissions of carbon, and reduced health impacts concerning ocular and respiratory diseases) lead to consider a phase 2 extended to other rural parts of Senegal, with local production of the ovens and related job creation.